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 How to Help Someone Having an Heart Attack

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Join date : 2009-07-31
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PostSubject: How to Help Someone Having an Heart Attack   October 12th 2012, 8:09 am

Heart attack
is regarded as one of the leading causes of death in humans. A heart
attack can be lethal and warrants immediate medical attention.

You can significantly increase the odds of survival of a person having a cardiac arrest, if you know what steps to take. Read on to find out more.

1. Call for Ambulance

If you find someone is having a heart attack, your first step should be
to call an ambulance. A heart attack can only be treated by trained
medical professionals and you must get the patient into the emergency
room as soon as possible.

2. Identify Early

Symptoms of heart attack start surfacing a few hours before the actual
attack, which may include cold sweat, fatigue, shortness of breath,
intermittent pain in the chest and numbness or pain in the left arm.
Identifying these symptoms early can help immensely in treating a heart attack.

3. Deliver First Aid

Have the person rest in a comfortable position and ensure that the
respiration or blood flow is not constrained by any tight-fitting
clothes. The most important thing is to maintain your calm and help the
patient to maintain his or her calm. The next step should be to check
whether the person is conscious and is properly breathing or not.

4. CPR

If the person has lost consciousness and is not breathing, it is
advisable to administer CPR or cardiopulmonary resuscitation. CPR is a
combination of rescue breathing and chest compressions. Place your palm
right between the nipples and the other hand on top of the first hand.
Position your body weight above your hands and give about 30
compressions. Each compression should press down a few inches into the
chest and should be given in a rapid motion.

5. Resuscitate Breathing

Resuscitate breathing or mouth-to-mouth breathing should be delivered
after the compressions. Tilt up the chin of the patient, then close
their nostrils with your fingers and cover the mouth of the patient with
yours. Blow a deep breath into the lungs of the patient so that the
chest should rise.

6. Administer medication

There are drugs such as aspirin or nitro-glycerine that can help to
save the life of a patient having a cardiac arrest. You will need to
seek medical counsel for administering nitro-glycerine; however, you can
give the patient aspirin if he/she has not lost his consciousness.

7. Emergency Aids

Oxygen support or AED (automated external defibrillators) can also help
greatly to increase the odds of survival for a heart attack patient.

Until medical assistance arrives, it is very important that you
maintain your calm and keep following the requisite steps. The main aim
is to prevent the patient’s condition from worsening until help arrives.

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